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PMP认证考试模拟试题

时间:2014-09-26 10:28来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
1.Which of the following is NOT a good characteristic of an effective project objective? A) Specific completion date B) Measurable C) Definitive associated costs D) Inconsistent with strategic organizational objective 下面哪个不是一个有效

 1.Which of the following is NOT a good characteristic of an effective project objective?

A) Specific completion date
B) Measurable
C) Definitive associated costs
D) Inconsistent with strategic organizational objective
下面哪个不是一个有效的项目目标的特征 
A) 具体的完成日期
B) 可以衡量的
C) 确定的相关成本
D) 与战略组织目标不一致

2.As a project manager of IT,if your supplier asked you to provide a product description, which of the fowling is .
A) Scope statement 
B) Statement of work
C) Project charter
D) Contract
作为IT业项目经理,如果你的供应商要求你提供产品描述,你应提供 项。
A) 范围说明
B) 工作说明
C) 项目章程
D) 合同

3. The scope statement— 
A. Does not include project objectives such as cost, schedule, or quality measures
B. Includes a description of project assumptions and constraints
C. Provides a documented basis for preparing the PERT/CPM network 
D. Describes how the WBS will be structured 
范围报告书 
A 并不包括项目目标,如项目成本,进度计划和质量监测等内容 
B 包括对项目的假设和约束条件的说明 
C 可为准备PERT/CPM网络提供文件基础 
D 可说明WBS的构成情况

4. Change requests may result from— 
A. A review of the project charter
B. A review of the performing organization’s strategic plan
C. Enhanced problem-solving skills on the part of the project team
D. An error or omission in scope definition 
产生变更需要的原因可能是 
A 对项目章程的审查 
B 对实施公司战略计划的审查 
C 项目团队解决问题能力的提高 
D 项目范围界定中的错误与遗漏 
5. Change requests occur in all the following forms except— 
A. Oral or written 
B. Legally mandated or optional 
C. Formal or informal
D. Externally or internally initiated 
变更请求不能以下列哪种形式提出?
A 口头或书面 
B 法定授权的或自主选择的
C正式或非正式的 
D外部提出的或内部提出的

6. A new project manager is planning a complex hardware installation project. The team consists of 15people who are experts in their fields. The project manager does not want to manage the project in the detailed level. How far should be decompose the work?
A. as small as possible because the work is complex
B. as large as possible because he is dealing with experts
C. to1000-hur tasks because it is proper for check-in period
D. to about 80-hour tasks because it is proper for check-in period
一个新项目经理正在计划一个复杂的硬件安装项目。项目团队由15个人组成,他们都是 各自领域的专家。这个项目经理不想在详细层次上对项目进行管理。他应该把项目工作分解到何种程度呢?
A.尽可能小,因为工作复杂
B.尽可能大,因为他打交道的都是专家
C.分解成每项任务1000小时,因为他打交道的都是专家
D.分解成大约每项任务80小时,因为它适合检查期

7. The preparation of the scope baseline involves the:
A. functional managers
B. project team 
C. all the stakeholders
D. project sponsor 
参与准备范围基准计划的是:
A.职能经理
B.项目团队
C.所有干系人
D.项目发起人

8. A client has asked you to add scope of work to the project. The project is under budget and a little ahead of schedule. What should you do?
A. approve the change
B. let the client know the effect of the change on the project
C. ask approval from the sponsor for making change 
D. get approval from the configuration change board
一个客户要求你给项目增加工作范围。现在项目低于预算并比进度计划提前一些。你应该怎么做?
A.批准该项变更
B.让客户了解该项变更对项目的影响
C.请发起人批准该项变更
D.从配置变更委员会获得批准

9.The time necessary to complete a project is referred to as .
A)Implementation time 
B)Life cycle
C)Operations cycle
D)Production cycle
完成项目所必需的时间指的是 。
A)执行时间
B)生命周期
C)运行周期
D)生产周期

10. A work package is a – 
A. Deliverable at the lowest level of the WBS
B. Task with a unique identifier
C. Required level of reporting
D. Task that can be assigned to more than one organizational unit 
工作包是 
A 一项WBS最低层的交付工作 
B 一项具有特殊标准的任务 
C 一项必要的汇报工作 
D 一项可分包给若干单位的任务

11. The monthly report to the client shows zero schedule variance. However, members of the team know that a milestone has been missed that will cause an overall delay to the project. Which one of the following is being inadequately reported? 
A. Communication plan variance
B. Resource management plan
C. Critical path status
D. Risk analysis
给客户的月度报告表明进度偏差为零。然而,项目班子成员知道进度里程碑已经延误,并将造成项目全面延误。下面哪一项未充分报告? 
A 沟通计划偏差 
B 资源管理计划 
C 关键路线状况 
D 风险分析

12. Which of the following risk events is most likely to interfere with attainment of the project's schedule objective?
A. Delays in obtaining required approvals.
B. Substantial increases in the cost of purchased materials.
C. Contract disputes that generate claims for increased payments.
D. Slippage of the planned post-implementation review meeting.
下列哪个风险事件最可能妨碍项目进度目标的实现?
A.在获得所需批准时的延误。
B.购买材料的成本大幅增加。
C.产生增加付款要求的合同争议。
D.计划的项目执行后审核会议的拖期。

13. A project manager is involved in the ABC project. Timelines have slipped for project ABC and he feels there could have been a mistake in the initial time estimate of the project. The following are assumptions that he made when doing the initial schedule using the critical path method (CPM). Which one is incorrect?
A. the project manager estimated each task with a single time estimate.
B. the CPM can have no dummies.
C. the CPM uses only an activity-on-arrow (AOA) diagram.
D. the CPM helps to emphasize cost control and schedule flexibility.
项目经理所负责的ABC项目的时间进度已经拖延,项目经理感觉可能项目的最初时间估算存在问题。以下列出了项目经理使用关键路径方法(CPM)制定最初进度计划时所作的一些假设条件。其中哪项假设条件不正确?
A.项目经理在估算每项任务时,只给出了单一一个估算。
B.关键路径方法(CPM)没有虚拟活动。
C.关键路径方法(CPM)仅使用箭线图(AOA)。
D.关键路径方法(CPM)有助于强调成本控制和进度灵活性。

14.What is the purpose of the work breakdown structure (WBS)?
A)the WBS allows the project managers to delegate responsibility of all of the project activities
B)the WBS is a narrative description of the work required for the project
C)the WBS describes the total program as a summation of subdivided elements
D)the WBS is a statement of what will be made, how many units will be made, and when they will be made
工作分解结构的目的是什么?
A)工作分解结构允许项目节能管理分配项目活动相关责任
B)工作分解结构是项目所需工作的流水性描述
C)工作分解结构以细分元素稽核的形式描述整个程序
D)工作分解结构阐明需做工作的内容,数量和时间

15. The most important element necessary for project control is— 
A. Upper management commitment 
B. Responsibility over resources 
C. Clear requirements
D. Sufficient management reserve
项目控制中最重要的因素是 .
A 上层管理的投入程度 
B 对资源负责 
C 有明确的要求 
D 充足的管理准备金

16. Most of the project’s budget is expended during— 
A. Project plan development 
B. Project plan execution 
C. Overall change control 
D. Project initiation 
项目预算在下列哪个阶段投入最大? 
A 项目计划制定阶段 
B 项目计划执行阶段 
C 总体变更控制阶段 
D 项目启动阶段

17. The project sponsor told the PM that he wanted to cut the 6 month project to 3 months by doubling the number of resources. The PM was experienced enough to know this would NOT work because of -
A. sunk costs.
B. resource depreciation
C. lost opportunity costs
D. the law of diminishing returns
项目发起人告诉项目经理,他想通过把资源加倍来把为期6个月的项目减为3个月。这个项目经理的丰富经验使他明白,由于_______,这是不可行的。
A.沉没成本。
B.资源折旧。
C.损失机会成本。
D.收益递减规则。

18. What is present value?
A. Value of assets that a company owns
B. Today's value of future cash flows
C. Future value of money on hand today
D. Current value of today's assets adjusted for inflation
什么是现值?
A.一个公司拥有的资产值。
B.未来现金流量的当前值。
C.当前手头货币的未来值。
D.经过通货膨胀调整的目前资产的当前值。

19. A cost management plan is an output of which cost management process area?
A. Resource planning
B. Cost estimating
C. Cost budgeting
D. Cost control
成本管理计划是哪个成本管理过程领域的输出?
A.资源计划编制。
B.成本估算。
C.成本预算。
D.成本控制。

20.What is the process that the project manager uses to coordinate the efforts of workers toward the accomplishment of group (project) goal?
A)integration of skills
B)procurement management
C)leadership
D)problem solving
为了努力完成项目目标,项目经理经常用来协调项目人员投入的过程是什么?
A)整合技能
B)采购管理
C)领导能力
D)解决问题的能力

21. In order to balance the needs of the many stakeholders involved in your project the most desirable method to achieve resolution of conflicts would be -
A. Compromise.
B. Forcing.
C. Controlling.
D. Confrontation.
为了平衡你项目中众多项目干系人的需求,达成冲突解决方案的最渴望的方法是:
A.妥协。
B.强制。
C.控制。
D.面对。

22. A company and its seller are in the middle of a long dispute over the costs of terminating the contract. The project manager determines that the only way to resolve the problem is to have it heard and resolved by a neutral party. To accomplish this, the project manager should use a (n) 
A. functional resource manager
B. conflict solution expert
C. arbitrator
D. lawyer
一个公司和它的卖方正处在对终止合同的费用展开的长期争论之中。项目经理决定解决问题的惟一方法是请一个中立方来解决。为完成这项工作,项目经理应该使用:
A.职能资源经理。
B.冲突解决专家。
C.仲裁员。
D.律师。

23.Which of the following is most true?
A)because the stake holder’s needs are of utmost importance, the more time spent on stakeholder analysis the better.
B)the communications management plan need neither be formalized nor detailed.
C)an automated PMIS (Project Management Information System) is essential for good project communication.
D)the PM must control all project communication.
下列哪项最正确?
A)由于项目厉害相关者的需求是极其重要的,所以花在项目厉害相关者分析上的时间越多越好
B)沟通管理计划不需要正式化也不需要细化
C)一个自动化项目管理信息系统(PMIS)是良好的项目沟通的基本要素
D)项目经理必须控制所有项目沟通

24. In all projects, needs must be tempered by schedule, cost, and resource constraints. Project success depends primarily on— 
A. The quality of the schedule and cost control analysis
B. Customer satisfaction
C. Customer compromise in defining its needs
D. Exceeding customer requirements through gold-plating 
所有项目中,客户的要求必须根据进度表、成本和有限的资源进行修改。项目的 成功主要取决于: .
A 进度表和成本控制分析的优劣 
B 客户满意程度 
C 客户在确定要求时的折衷态度 D 通过漂亮的外包装超额满足客户的要求

25. The MOST important reason for stakeholder analysis in preparing a communication management plan is to: .
A. Develop a stakeholder contact database
B. Publish a contact list of all team members for stakeholders
C. Determine the stake holder’s needs
D. Ensure timely distribution of meeting minutes to stakeholders 
利害关系者在拟定沟通管理计划进行利害关系者分析的最重要的理由是: 
A 开发利害关系者联络数据库 
B 发表利害关系者所有项目班子成员的联系人名单 
C 确定利害关系者的需求 
D 确保及时向利害关系者分发会议纪要

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